Humanity and Justice: Exploring Human Rights in the Context of Islamic Law

  • Suud Sarim Karimullah Gümuşhane University


This study explores the relationship between the concepts of humanity, human rights, and social justice in the context of Islamic law. Using the method of literature study and comprehensive literature analysis of the results of previous studies. This study aims to outline how Islamic law recognizes human dignity, protects individual rights, and promotes social justice. The results of this study reveal that Islamic law has a strong foundation in the principles of humanity, human rights, and social justice. Islamic law recognizes human dignity, integrates individual rights, and encourages the protection of the vulnerable. This concept creates a strong moral foundation for achieving a more just and inclusive society. In an increasingly connected and diverse world, a deep understanding of the relationship between Islamic law and Human Rights is key to promoting tolerance, mercy, and peace. With constant dialogue and thoughtful implementation efforts, Muslim societies can play an important role in building a better world that respects individual rights without forgetting the precious values of religion.


Download data is not yet available.


Auda, Jasser. Maqasid Al-Shari’ah as Philosophy of Islamic Law. International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT), 2022.
Baderin, Mashood A. “Establishing Areas of Common Ground between Islamic Law and International Human Rights.” The International Journal of Human Rights 5, no. 2 (2001): 72–113.
———. International Human Rights and Islamic Law. New York: OUP Oxford, 2003.
Bensaid, Benaouda. “Breastfeeding as a Fundamental Islamic Human Right.” Journal of Religion and Health 60, no. 1 (2021): 362–73.
Disantara, Fradhana Putra. “The Joint Ministerial Decree (SKB) of Islamic Defenders Front (FPI): Quo Vadis The Rule of Law and Human Rights?” Musamus Law Review 3, no. 2 (2021): 98–117.
El-Wakil, Ahmed. “‘Whoever Harms a Dhimmī I Shall Be His Foe on the Day of Judgment’: An Investigation into an Authentic Prophetic Tradition and Its Origins from the Covenants.” Religions 10, no. 9 (2019): 516.
Febriyanti, Novi. “The Review of Islamic Law on the Distribution of Zakat Directly by Muzaki to Mustahik in the Sunan Ampel Religious Tourism Area in Surabaya.” IQTISHADUNA 11, no. 2 (2020): 55–69.
Guldas, Fatumetul Zehra. “The Role of Islam in Decent Care for People with Stigmatized Diseases: An Evaluation via the Concept of Human Dignity.” Eskiyeni, no. 40 (2020): 363–76.
Hahn, Carole L. “Human Rights Teaching: Snapshots from Four Countries.” Human Rights Education Review 3, no. 1 (2020): 8–30.
Hakim, Nurul. “The Enforcement of Human Rights Through Implementing of The Sharia.” Indonesian Journal of Education, Social Sciences and Research (IJESSR) 1, no. 1 (2020): 1–9.
Hamid, Rizal Al, Arif Sugitanata, and Suud Sarim Karimullah. “Sinkronisasi Pendekatan Sosiologis Dengan Penemuan Hukum Islam Sui Generis Kum Empiris.” Bertuah Jurnal Syariah Dan Ekonomi Islam 4, no. 1 (2023): 48–60.
Hutabarat, Dany Try Hutama, Zenny Fransisca, Fauziah Ritonga, Dinda Julita Pardede, Salsabila Almas, Nandra Astuti Sikumbang, Anggi Khoiriyah, and Siti Hamizah. “Understanding and Describing Relationship of State Law and Human Right.” JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCES AND BUSINESS 1, no. 1 (2021): 65–72.
Karimullah, Suud Sarim. “Empowering Youth: Social Transformation and Islamic Law’s Impact on Child Rights.” VARIA HUKUM 5, no. 2 (2023): 153–69.
———. “For True Humanity: Harmonization of Islamic Law and Human Rights Towards Universal Justice.” Matan: Journal of Islam and Muslim Society 5, no. 2 (2023): 40–56.
———. “Pursuing Legal Harmony: Indonesianization of Islamic Law Concept and Its Impact on National Law.” Mazahib 21, no. 2 (December 27, 2022): 213–44.
Karimullah, Suud Sarim, Mu’adil Faizin, and Aufa Islami. “Internalization of Islamic Moderation Values in Building a Civilization of Love and Tolerance.” Al-Insyiroh: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 9, no. 1 (2023): 94–125.
Kollman, Kelly, and Matthew Waites. “The Global Politics of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Human Rights: An Introduction.” Contemporary Politics 15, no. 1 (2009): 1–17.
Lasmi, Salamatul, Zhang Wei, and Shanshan Xu. “Human Rights in Islamic Perspective.” International Journal of Educational Narratives 1, no. 2 (2023): 86–94.
Lawson, Anna, and Angharad E Beckett. “The Social and Human Rights Models of Disability: Towards a Complementarity Thesis.” The International Journal of Human Rights 25, no. 2 (2021): 348–79.
Mayer, Ann Elizabeth. “Islamic Law and Human Rights: Conundrums and Equivocations.” In Religion And Human Rights, 177–98. Routledge, 2016.
Muhajir, Muhajir, Ihda Shofiyatun Nisa, Akhmad Munawar, and Suud Sarim Karimullah. “Agus Moh Najib’s Thoughts on the Interconnection of Islamic Law and National Law.” Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir’ah 21, no. 1 (2023): 86–103.
Mukharrom, Tamyiz, and Supriyanto Abdi. “Harmonizing Islam and Human Rights Through the Reconstruction of Classical Islamic Tradition.” Samarah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Dan Hukum Islam 7, no. 1 (2023): 40–57.
Nawawi, M Anwar, Sulastri Sulastri, Relit Nur Edi, and Agus Setiawan. “Harmonization of Islam and Human Rights: Judges’ Legal Arguments in Rejecting Child Marriage Dispensation in Sukadana, Indonesia.” Ijtihad: Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam Dan Kemanusiaan 22, no. 1 (2022): 117–34.
Nurlaelawati, Euis, and Stijn Cornelis Van Huis. “The Status of Children Born out of Wedlock and Adopted Children in Indonesia: Interactions between Islamic, Adat, and Human Rights Norms.” Journal of Law and Religion 34, no. 3 (2019): 356–82.
Pabubung, Michael Reskiantio. “An Inquiry Into Human Dignity According to George Kateb.” Jurnal Filsafat 33, no. 2 (n.d.): 290–332.
Rahman, Mohamad Zaidi Abdul, Raja Hisyamudin Raja Sulong, and Osman Md Rasip. “Significant Development of the Concept of Ahl-Dhimmah on Religious Rights in Early Islamic State.” Journal of Al-Tamaddun 17, no. 2 (2022): 193–202.
Rohmah, Siti, Moh Anas Kholish, and Andi Muhammad Galib. “Human Rights and Islamic Law Discourse: The Epistemological Construction of Abul A’la Al-Maududi, Abdullahi Ahmed An-Naim, and Mashood A. Baderin.” Justicia Islamica: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Dan Sosial 19, no. 1 (2022): 153–70.
Sugitanata, Arif, Suud Sarim Karimullah, and Rizal Al Hamid. “Hukum Positif Dan Hukum Islam: Analisis Tata Cara Menemukan Hukum Dalam Kacamata Hukum Positif Dan Hukum Islam.” JURISY: Jurnal Ilmiah Syariah 3, no. 1 (2023): 1–22.
Yunus, Nur Rohim, Asep Syarifuddin Hidayat, and Muhammad Ishar Helmi. “Reducing The Culture of Corruption Through The Zakat Social Solidarity Movement.” Ekonomica Sharia: Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Pengembangan Ekonomi Syariah 9, no. 1 (2023): 1–18.
Zauro, Nurudeen Abubakar, Nurudeen Abubakar Zauro, Ram Al Jaffri Saad, and Norfaiezah Sawandi. “Enhancing Socio-Economic Justice and Financial Inclusion in Nigeria: The Role of Zakat, Sadaqah and Qardhul Hassan.” Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research 11, no. 3 (2020): 555–72.
How to Cite
KARIMULLAH, Suud Sarim. Humanity and Justice: Exploring Human Rights in the Context of Islamic Law. TAJDID, [S.l.], v. 30, n. 2, p. 166-187, jan. 2024. ISSN 2621-8259. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 03 mar. 2024. doi: